Agro-industry sea fishery is one of the industrial processing of fishery products with huge potential to be developed, knowing the potential of fish resources of the national sea waters is very large. However, there are a number of problems that obstruct its development, both from the production of raw materials (fishing industry) as well as aspects of product processing (agro-industry), he potential of fishery agro-industry of raw materials are very abundant. Superior products with the potential to be developed in the cultivation of agro-industry commodities that are already having excellent results from their production are seaweed, catfish, milkfish, and grouper. Besides that, the potential strategic commodities such as shrimp, tilapia, pearl, and ornamental fish would be a good production for the availability of raw materials. Ministry will stimulate the fish farming production in 2014 of 16.89 million ton, or increase of 353% if it compared with 2009 production of 4.78 million ton.
Although fishermen still catch fish in the sea but can’t necessarily meet the needs of the community, but a growing number of fish farmers will increase to 33 percent in the future. This is one of the ways to satisfy the global demand for a healthy and nutritious fresh fish. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has said that fish farming is expected to increase about 172 million ton in 2021, the number rises 15 percent from the average requirement in 2009-2011. Fish farming is one of the fastest ways to fulfill food’s requirement of the community.
In 2018, the number of farmed fish consumption is expected to exceed captured fish. The increasing number of requests is caused by the nutrient content of fish which are the source of protein and essential micronutrients to achieve balanced nutrition for a better health.
According to FAO, world population intake of protein derived from animals about 16.6 percent and 6.5 percent protein obtained from other food sources. World fish trade is expected to expand by 25% in 2012 to 2021. The number must also in a significant portion from the total production of fish what will be exported because it is needed in the whole world.
In 2013, production of sea fisheries in West Java was 1.2 billion ton as shown in the following table.
Sea Production (Fish) of west Java (In Ton)
Source : Statistic Center of West Java in 2014
Based on the distribution, the production of the largest sea fishing is in Indramayu Regency with 115.8 thousand ton, followed by Cirebon Regency with 27.2 thousand ton, and Subang Regency with 18.3 thousand ton.
- Location : Indramayu Regency
- Development of Agroindustrial Sea in Indramayu Regency consists of
- Integrated fish market
- Fish processing
- Sea tourism
- Investment value
Agro-industry sea products are estimated to require around 280 billion.