Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Vascular Plants)
Super Division: Spermatophyta (Produce Seeds)
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering Plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicot)
Sub Class: Asteridae
Family: Rubiaceae(Coffee Tribe)
Species: Cinchona ledgeriana Moens
Annual rainfall for an ideal quinine cultivation location is 2,000-3,000mm/year and evenly distributed throughout the year.
This plant requires sunlight that is not too hot.
Plants grow well at temperatures between 13.5-21 degrees C.
Plants require a humid climate with a minimum daily relative humidity of 68% and 97% per year, respectively.
Soil that is suitable for quinine is fertile, loose, rich in organic matter, not rocky and rocky.
The degree of acidity (pH) is between 4.6-6.5 with an optimum pH of 5.8.
Kina likes areas with an altitude of 800-2,000 m above sea level with the optimum altitude is 1,400-1700 m above sea level.
Quinine is an industrial plant that produces alkaloid compounds that can be used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food and beverage industries and other agrochemicals. Quinine bark contains many alkaloids that are useful for medicine, among these alkaloids there are two very important alkaloids, namely kinine for malaria and kinidine for heart disease. Other benefits of this quinine peel include depurative, influenza, dysentery, diarrhea, and tonic.