Canangan/Ylang

Sector

Agriculture

Sub Sector

Others

Regional

Classification
Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Vascular Plants)
Super Division: Spermatophyta (Produce Seeds)
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering Plants)
Class: Liliopsida (Dicot)
Sub Class: Magnoliidae
Ordo: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Cananga
Species: Cananga odorata (Lamk.) Hook.

Growth Condition
Cananga can grow well throughout Indonesia with an altitude below 1200 m above sea level. This tree will flower heavily, if it grows in the lowlands with a hot and humid climate, with an altitude between 20-700 m above sea level. The required rainfall ranges from 250-4000 mm/year with a dry month of up to 4 months. Meanwhile, the average temperature required for this plant ranges from 10-35°C, the optimum is 18-25°C. Ylang grows in areas with (650)1500-2000 (- 4000) mm of rainfall and an average annual temperature of 21-27 °C.

Advantage
Ylang is known for its floral fragrance. In Java and Bali, ylang is traded by local people as potpourri and sow flowers used in religious ceremonies. In addition, ylang is also known as a medicinal plant, leaves for itching, dried flowers for malaria medicine; fresh flowers for aromatherapy, as well as the bark as a remedy for sores. The essential oil contained in ylang flowers is used as a perfume ingredient. Ylang oil has a high enough economic value in the world market. Apart from having economic value, the ylang tree also has ecological value, where this tree can be used for slope stability because of its strong and deep root type.